Focusing, Il coaching ad indirizzo corporeo e il counseling ad indirizzo corporeo

Il coaching ad indirizzo corporeo e il counseling ad indirizzo corporeo lavorano intensamente sulla competenza del Focusing corporeo ed emotivo (focalizzazione degli stati corporei e coscienza corporea, emozioni e coscienza degli stati emotivi) e sulla comunicazione degli stati corporei ed emozionali.

La tecnica del coaching comunicazionale corporeo trova applicazione in ogni forma di comunicazione, come la comunicazione medico-paziente, la comunicazione terapeutica, la comunicazione in stato di crisi, la comunicazione umana più in generale.

Il caso esposto riguarda l’incidente occorso a Luca Parmitano, Astronauta ESA, durante la EVA (attività extraveicolare) sulla Stazione Spaziale Internazionale, in particolare l’ingresso completamente inatteso di acqua nel casco, la difficoltà a quantificare la portata dell’evento da parte della torre di controllo e i conseguenti ritardi comunicativi, sino al rientro in condizioni critiche (si parla in questo caso di un near-death accident, incidente prossimo alla morte).

Le competenze comunicative e il coaching non servono quindi solo per migliorare lo swing del golf, anzi, servono per proteggere la vita, e le emozioni compresa la comunicazione delle emozioni non sono fatti accessori, ma centrali, per tutto il fattore umano.

dott. Daniele Trevisani http://www.studiotrevisani.it

La ricerca di un metodo. I piani o strati del Coaching nel sistema HPM, l’Uomo come sistema di energie

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di Daniele Trevisani, Formatore, Consulente in Formazione  www.studiotrevisani.it – Estratto dal volume “Il Coraggio delle Emozioni” Franco Angeli Editore._____

Il Potenziale Umano non è un concetto generico e si compone di diversi strati o “celle”, che ne racchiudono una porzione. Ogni strato o piano del potenziale personale richiede tecniche specifiche di sblocco e amplificazione.

Localizzare queste celle e le azioni specifiche è uno dei compiti primari di questo lavoro. Nel sistema HPM – Human Performance/Potential Model, qui sviluppato, le azioni di Coaching sono collegate ad uno schema che fa da sfondo concettuale:

coaching modello HPM

Possiamo parlare, per la maggior parte degli esseri viventi, di un potenziale compresso. Un insieme di energie che deve ancora dispiegarsi, o esisteva, ma non ha trovato terreno fertile ed è in stasi, oppure, a volte, è persino regredito.

Osserviamone alcuni contenuti:

  • Il Coaching delle energie fisiche e corporee o Coaching bioenergetico. Quest’area permette di focalizzare il lato del potenziale personale che si connette alle componenti organiche, fisiche, forza, resistenza, flessibilità, benessere fisiologico, potere del corpo di compiere azione e prestazione. Consente di avviare il lavoro sulle energie fisiche e potenziamento del corpo. Es.: tecniche di allenamento corporeo, tecniche alimentari, tecniche legate allo stile di vita, tecniche di recupero fisico, tecniche di allenamento psicofisico, tecniche di overreaching allenante (alternanza di fasi di allenamento di alta intensità e riposo adeguato). È l’area più fisica, tangibile e corporea del modello.
  • Coaching per le energie mentali e motivazionali. Tecniche per sbloccare la volontà, alimentare la passione, localizzare blocchi emozionali e quelli legati ai ruoli, le contratture mentali, i colli di bottiglia dei ragionamenti, dei sistemi di credenze, e, più in generale, l’azione sulla psicologia individuale. La cella delle “energie mentali” o energie psicologiche permette di avviare un lavoro sul potenziale insito nelle energie del pensiero. Es.: training mentale, Coaching analitico, analisi in profondità dei ruoli personali e professionali; analisi delle reti di relazioni, della dispersione o ricarica di energie relazionali durante la giornata, il mese, l’anno, i cicli di vita, analisi dei sistemi di credenze su se stessi e sul campo di operazioni nel quale si deve agire, e, ancora più in profondità, analisi esistenziale. Rappresenta l’area più intrinsecamente psicologica del modello.
  • Coaching per le macro-competenze: utilizza tecniche di analisi e di formazione legate all’obiettivo di sviluppare “copertura” o collimazione (coverage o fit) tra le diverse skills che una performance richiede, e il portfolio di competenze individuali. Comprende quindi la localizzazione di dove sia bene agire distinguendo tra interventi su (1) saperi, (2) saper fare, (3) saper essere o atteggiamenti, per migliorare in modo strategico l’estensione e vastità del piano di competenze. Prevede azioni di formazione con un approccio enciclopedico e non solo iperspecialistico, e saper cogliere i diversi piani di una performance (es.: storico, politico, morale, culturale, scientifico, sociale, strategico) e non esserne puramente esecutore meccanico ignorante o passivo. Comprende quindi un lavoro formativo sulle macro-competenze. Es.: aggiornare competenze in rapporto ai ruoli che si intendono giocare, la formazione, il Coaching professionale, le azioni di allargamento del repertorio personale. Tanto più ampia è la copertura, tanto maggiori sono i margini di sicurezza e di manovra che la persona potrà affrontare, al variare delle condizioni esterne o al verificarsi di imprevisti. Rappresenta nel modello la parte più legata ai processi formativi classici.
  • Il Coaching sulle micro-competenze: azioni per aumentare la padronanza di esecuzione di atti specifici di performance, gesti operativi, o operazioni mentali specifiche e necessarie per ottenere buoni risultati. Le micro-competenze non mettono in discussione l’intero assetto del ruolo o del profilo professionale, ma entrano nei dettagli operativi. L’azione di Coaching sulle microcompetenze intende elevare il grado di profondità e progressione nell’acquisizione di una specifica competenza, i suoi dettagli più fini, stimolando la scalata dal livello di principiante al livello di mastery (completa e totale padronanza). Il lavoro sulle micro-competenze permette di evidenziare e avviare la ricerca di elementi minimali e particolari significativi, l’analisi al “microscopio comportamentale” degli dettagli che danno luogo alle performance, e l’analisi al “microscopio mentale” dei sistemi di pensiero o sistemi cognitivi che entrano in gioco nelle performance. Mentre l’analisi delle macro-competenze ci parla di una “estensione” o ampiezza di competenze, le micro-competenze ci parlano della “profondità” con cui una certa abilità entra nel nostro repertorio sino a diventarne addirittura parte inconscia. Rappresenta la parte del modello più legata ai fenomeni di percezione e di conseguenza alla formazione attiva esperienziale (active training).
  • Il Coaching per la progettualità e concretizzazione: agisce sulla cella della “concretizzazione”, per aumentare la capacità di essere concreti e operativi, intervenendo sulla capacità di dare corpo a progetti e piani, la pianificazione di obiettivi concretizzabili ed eseguibili, il lavoro sulla fissazione dei goal, es.: saper sviluppare un progetto, capire che risorse servono, come organizzarle, saper gestire il tempo in relazione ai propri progetti; riconoscere le dispersioni di energie in tempi inutili o controproducenti. Rappresenta la parte più manageriale del modello.
  • Il Coaching valoriale, spirituale e morale. Agisce sulla cella dei valori, Visione e missione, per recuperare il “motore morale”, il senso dello scopo, o causa, il senso della missione, dei valori più forti che spingono e muovono una performance, ma anche il vissuto quotidiano e l’impegno verso qualsiasi cosa. Comprende il lavoro di scavo e rafforzamento per localizzare verso cosa valga la pena spendere energie o attivarle, localizzare e alimentare valori, Visioni, ideali. Generalmente si tratta di una porzione della performance e del potenziale personale assolutamente trascurata, e per questo rappresenta l’area più difficile, in quanto obbliga a trattare fenomeni delicati come lo spessore morale, il “muoversi verso” qualcosa di superiore alla propria esistenza limitata, il voler contribuire a una causa o progetto importante, trovare o riscoprire motivi di esistere non unicamente materialistici, trovare un senso per l’esistenza, scoprire e riscoprire i propri valori ancestrali, lavorare a nuove forme di esistenza, lavorare per nuove forme di energie, lavorare per curare o migliorare le condizioni di vita delle persone. In questa cella si colloca la volontà di trovare ancoraggi a ideali da perseguire e da collegare a specifici progetti. Comprende azioni di scavo motivazionale, di mappatura dei valori personali, di localizzazione dei blocchi e contratture che impediscono di credere e volere, di alimentare la passione per un progetto o un’idea. Costituisce l’area del modello più legata a concetti di filosofia, religione, e morale.

Nel complesso, ogni piano di Coaching può essere più o meno “caricato” su una o più delle diverse aree.

Avremo quindi piani di Coaching più fisici, altri di tipo psicologico e motivazionale, altri più legati a costruire progetti, altri ancora legati a migliorare l’esecuzione dell’esistente, e via così.

Ciò che conta è che si sappia bene cosa si sta facendo, consapevoli del fatto che un Coaching totale non può prescindere da tutte le aree. Se si decide di focalizzare un Coaching solo su una area o su aree limitate, questa deve essere una scelta tattica consapevole e non un atteggiamento di miopia verso la vastità dei possibili piani di intervento.

Cambiare o migliorare un singolo gesto può immettere energia in tutto il sistema. Cambiare o migliorare un singolo pensiero o credenza può immettere equilibrio. Nessuno sforzo di miglioramento è mai vano.

Mantieni i tuoi pensieri positivi

Perché i tuoi pensieri diventano parole

Mantieni le tue parole positive

Perché le tue parole diventano i tuoi comportamenti

Mantieni i tuoi comportamenti positivi

Perché i tuoi comportamenti diventano le tue abitudini

Mantieni le tue abitudini positive

Perché le tue abitudini diventano i tuoi valori

Mantieni i tuoi valori positivi

Perché i tuoi valori diventano il tuo destino

(Mahatma Gandhi)

Non ci interessano le ovvie limitazioni biologiche e mentali dell’essere macchine fatte di carne, soggette a rottura e usura, imperfette, non ci interessa la perfezione, l’automazione non è il nostro fine.

Ci interessa ciò che possiamo essere in relazione a come siamo fatti (essere umani imperfetti, ma con grande spazio di crescita), ci interessa ciò che possiamo esprimere se e quando spezziamo le catene, liberi dai condizionamenti negativi.

Ci interessa il raggiungimento del potenziale nascosto o limitato dai fattori ambientali e personali che lo comprimono.

Ciascuna di queste celle è suscettibile di grandi miglioramenti, in ognuno di noi. Per fare salti in avanti, occorre prendere coscienza delle aree su cui lavorare, e intraprendere percorsi.

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Copyright Daniele Trevisani, Formatore, Consulente in Formazione  www.studiotrevisani.it – Estratto dal volume “Il Coraggio delle Emozioni” Franco Angeli Editore

 

Living your life and not other’s memories

life pathlife choices

You’ve got to choose… so, on which side do you want to stay?

© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

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Living our life proudly and not only in other’s memories

Some humans stubbornly continue to pursue the battle to build something good, commit themselves, and keep themselves busy in trying to improve human condition and overall humanity. Others do not care, others, even worse, destroy. Which category you want to join?

Anyone who enlists in the first category shall enter into an elite, an immortal army to which thousands of unknown people belonged, people who have worked in the dark and in silence for a noble cause, but also persons who have become famous, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Mother Teresa of Calcutta, and who knows how many others. Whether you are part of known or unknown, of famous or forgotten, your struggle will always have sense.

There is a payoff in choosing to stay among those who try to improve freedom and enhance human potential: to look back afterwards and be satisfied of our very self and what we have tried to achieve.

Ampliat aetatis spatium sibi vir bonus; hoc est vivere bis vita posse priore frui

The good man extends the period of his life; it is to live twice, to enjoy with satisfaction the retrospect of our past life.

(Martial)

But this payoff is not the reason, it’s not the ultimate goal. The real goal is being proud now of what we are striving for. We do not have to wait until the final day for being proud. We can be proud in any single moment of our life, when we work on the right purposes.

Fama semper vivat

May his/her fame last forever (Ancient Latin motto)

 

But fame after death is not enough. It is what we look for in our daily life that makes it honorable, and if not memorable, who cares. Self-honor is now!

I really think that Leonardo da Vinci does not care, right now, about being famous. He’s dead. But I think he cared to know, while he was alive, he was working on something. Something important. Something that could change the world.

Why should we not try? Why should we castrate our very inner sense of freedom? Why living in misery if we can bring light in our path and try to improve our world? There is no religion that can tell you to suffer for the sake of suffering, or to stay in a cave when you can fly.

And if the battle is hard, do not fear hardness, do not retrieve in the mass if your path is taking your life towards life. Live like a hero in ordinary life.

Luctor et Emergo

I struggle (I fight) and I emerge

(Ancient Latin motto)

Be proud of what you are looking for. Be proud of yourself while you are doing your research. Be proud of be a freedom-searcher and truth seeker.

This is a very good way to honor life during life and not only in other’s memories.

Dum vivimus, vivamus –

While we live, let us live (Epicurean philosophy)

 

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© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

The holistic approach: taking care of human communication, soul and body

© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

The holistic approach: taking care of human communication, soul and body

The Greek Aristotle was the first real communication scientist, much earlier than the opening of any Department of Communication or Psychology. In his treaty on “Rhetoric” he taught us that a persuasive message must contain:

  • ethos”, strong values, a call for ideals and sense of purpose,
  • logos”, a nice language structure, a nice organization, be well structured, and
  • pathos”, the ability to fire emotions and generate feelings.

aristotle ethos logos pathos

Modern research says he was right. We tend to judge a speech and the speaker against our own values, as Aristotle said, ethos is the effect of feeling in the message the presence of wisdom (phronesis), virtue (arete), and good will (eunoia);

There is now high consensus in the scientific community on the Power of Communication derived by emotions, with many of empirical findings:

“affectively valenced words show an advantage in processing with respect to neutral words, as revealed in word recognition tasks (e.g., lexical decision, Kousta et al., 2009; Kuperman et al., 2014), in naming tasks (Kuperman et al., 2014) or in memory tasks (e.g., Herbert et al., 2008; Talmi, 2013; Ferré et al., 2014), among others”. [1]

What does this all mean? It means that we have to learn the Power of Communication, the ability to motivate, to inspire, to share deep meanings, instead of swimming in a pool of banality and empty gossip.

Many phrases from the ancient world shade light, and we have to look for them where the Greco-Latin Culture left its seeds. But also in several modern thoughts found in the Anglo culture, at least on its best humanistic side, and for sure not in its materialistic side.

The power of some words and mottos is so great that they are still used today after 2000 and more years.

Mens sana in corpore sano

A healthy mind in a healthy body[2]

But there is more. Human Potential expression requires not only a good and healthy communication environment (ecology of communication), but a healthy mindset that keeps a positive psychology inside our soul, and a strong attention to our bodily machine, its nurture, its well-being, obtained via physical exercise, good nutrition, and a clear mind.
All the three aspects are intrinsically correlated.
In this Holistic view, wellness and performance depend on the degree to which we are able to set these conditions, despite what the environment presents us as “given state”.
To go beyond the “given state” and look for our Full Potential enables the expression of incredible performances and contributions to mankind, and this is our sacred mission.
Dr. Daniele Trevisani holistic model mind body relations

A healthy mind in a healthy body is not only an ancient motto.

It is a way of life that is ordinarily unpracticed from ordinary people, and managers in the companies, where the number of hours spent in the office becomes the benchmark, rather than the real intellectual contribution, the quality of your ideas and energies you generate in your working environment. Your real energetic contribution to your company is completely lost, confused with “hours spent inside”.

You even lose the ability to distinguish the people that are around you (coworkers, consultants, trainers, friends) in terms of the real energies the can provide and bring and you start measuring sick parameters, things as age or career level or the car they have or where they live. Well, let me tell, you, Albert Einstein – in this evaluation system – would have never come out of his desk as clerk, since he was not in the academia and was not a well-paid, well dressed manager with a fancy car. But his ideas changed the world.

So, where do you want to be? On the side of the material or on the side of the immaterial world? Or in a good balance between them, and if so, where?

Are you able to spot people with great ideas? How do you measure them?

Latins believed that since we are born we are fully involved in a journey. We run, whether we like it or not. We stop, whether we like or not the stopping areas and landscapes we encounter. And in this world we need to feed our soul and our body with positive energies.

Spa as modern structures where originated by the Romans and made free for all the “citizens” in Rome. A Spa is a location where mineral-rich spring water is used to give medicinal baths. Spa towns or spa resorts (including hot springs resorts) typically offer various health treatments. The belief in the curative powers of mineral waters goes back to prehistoric times. Such practices have been popular worldwide, but our culture is so spiritually poor that – despite the Roman habit of having them free and used for meeting, socialization and conversation places – now it has become an elite costly service and not a public service. This is just one of the thousands of “ways of living” that we can and must recuperate.

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© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

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[1] Pilar Ferré, David Ventura, Montserrat Comesañ, and Isabel Fraga (2015), The role of emotionality in the acquisition of new concrete and abstract words. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015 Jul 2;10(7).

[2] This Latin phrase – as many more that we will not examine – has been adopted widely, showing how deeply Latin Culture pervaded European and US culture. The following list shows some examples:

(list source http://www.thefullwiki.org/Mens_sana_in_corpore_sano) :

  • The phrase was a favorite of American President Harry S. Truman.
  • Riverside Military Academy in Gainesville, Georgia uses the phrase as its motto.
  • Hargrave Military Academy in Chatham, Virginia uses the phrase as its motto.
  • S.C. Anderlecht uses the phrase as its motto.
  • Teacher’s College of Columbia University has this phrase engraved on its Horace Mann hall, on 120th street in New York City.
  • Motto of the Turners Organization American Turners and their local organizations like the Los Angeles Turners. The Turners promoted gymnastics and introduced PE to schools in America
  • ASICS, company name derived from the phrase.
  • Carlton Football Club uses the phrase as its motto.
  • Army Physical Training Corps (APTC) uses the phrase as its motto.
  • Asociacion Atletica Argentinos Juniors, uses the phrase as its motto.
  • The Israeli Institute of Technology athletics teams use the phrase as their motto.
  • It is the motto of Grant Medical College and Sir J.J. Hospital, Mumbai
  • PERI (Physical Education & Recreation Instructors), which is part of the Canadian Military use this as their motto
  • Widener University and the State University at of New York at Buffalo use the phrase as their motto.
  • The phrase appears in stone on the western facade of the HPER (School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation) at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana.
  • It is the motto of Dhaka Physical Education College in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • It is the motto of Sparta High School in Sparta, New Jersey.
  • It is the motto of Roger Bacon High School, St. Bernard, Ohio
  • John Locke (1632-1704) uses the phrase in his book ‘Some thoughts concerning education’.
  • Is the motto for Bjelke-Petersen School of Physical Culture, Australia.
  • Mens Sana Basket, a prominent Italian basketball club.
  • Motto of Beale Gaelic Football Club from County Kerry.
  • Used in the film Agantuk by Satyajit Ray.
  • Is the motto of Bridgewater Junior Senior High School in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia.

 

 

Train the mind as a muscle, and tune up your left prefrontal cortex

© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

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Neuroscience research tells us that our brain is like a muscle. The parts that are more often used do enlarge, get fitter, and become more agile and fast. The parts that are underused become smaller, slower, as if they were mummified.

The stimuli that change our brain can be those that come from any day, any hour of the day, any moment in life. Scientific studies that show how plastic the brain is, responding quickly and changing its structure in response to both real-life stimuli and artificial stimuli (magnetic stimulation)[1].

So what should we do? Human brain has a Left Prefrontal Cortex that has the ability to perceive positive things in our world and in what surrounds us (positive perception) and a Right Prefrontal Cortex that is very good at detecting what is wrong, negative, and the ability of feeling pessimistic emotions. The continuous flow of anxiogenic news, movies, messages, the continuous subliminal message to “become rich and famous or you are a loser” are lies that pump your right cortex and kill you. We must stay away from these messages, as if they were toxic, radioactive, and poisonous.

Even talking about negative topics and bad news during a dinner can pump your “negative” side of the brain while a dinner or eating should be a pleasure and a restful pause.

But besides specific moments, your whole life is constellated by messages, ads, movies, and people that are lying to you.

The very fact of telling you that money and status will decide whether you made it or not, is a lie that trains your right prefrontal cortex every minute of every day. You become extremely good at feeling what you have not yet done.

You start to believe that people that are on tv or became famous or very rich “have made it” without realizing that their inner experience of life can be miserable, most of them are severely depressed and unhappy people.

We could make a huge list of rich and famous people (artists, movie stars, entrepreneurs) who killed themselves or died from self-intoxication from drugs and alcohol, at the peak of their career and money possession.

Michael Jackson in music, Marilyn Monroe among actresses, the cyclist champion Marco Pantani, the member of the richest Italian family Edoardo Agnelli (Fiat) who, despite the richness and enormity of opportunities, suffered from depression and jumped from a highway. Should we judge these unlucky people “arrived”? “Arrived” where? Who has the arrogance decide for you and to tell you what makes you “arrived”?

The more you think about bad news and consider the wrong part of existence, the more you train to suffer.

You also become insensitive towards the little good things that you did or happened in your day, even the most subtle positive things. You need more and more results to feel happy, more and more money to feel rich, and at the end you always you feel that “something is still missing to be really happy”

This system can make you anxious and feel always inadequate, always out-of-place in your world, always poor. A system designed to make you feel a loser is sick, is a lie.

If you look at the lives of the richest people in terms of money, so many of them are so depressed and so many of them do suicide and are into drugs, that you should wonder if they really “made it”. Made it to get insane and unhealthy and miserable? Yes, they made it. But when it is the turn to see if they made it in being good people, good fathers or mothers, people with a sense of love for life, a strong spiritual life, an inner and self-sustaining force inside, they “didn’t make it” at all. They are miserable inside.

When you lose sight of the miracles that life provides to a living soul, even the mere fact of being able to “think” should surprise you, and make us incredibly happy. The very fact of waking up, being alive, breathe once again, is a miracle.

Don’t spit on miracles. Live them.

[1] Zhang ZC1, Luan F2, Xie CY3, Geng DD1, Wang YY4, Ma J5. Low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation is beneficial for enhancing synaptic plasticity in the aging brain. Neural Regen Res. 2015 Jun;10(6):916-24.

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© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

 

Leadership in the Roman Empire vs. modern Toxic Corporate Leadership

ROMANSOLDIERStoxic-leaders-workplace

© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

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The fight for Human Potential is a hard one. One must remain faithful to Human Potential Research, no matter how hard it is.

In arduis fidelis

Faithful in adversity

This value has intangible enemies. One of the most powerful enemies of Human Potential is the psychological climate, and leaders are the main responsible of this climate.

Toxic leadership as a concept is making its way especially in the literature on Army Leadership. A toxic leader is a person who has responsibility over a group of people or an organization; he/she abuses the leader–follower relationship by leaving the group-members or organization in a worse-off condition than when s/he first found them.

Rome_HBO_Series_a_true_leader_bleeds_1

It is already clear that a Toxic Leader brings his people to mentally starve, to die and suffer either physically or for stress.

It is the same type of leadership based on lies and superficiality, a “great packaging and empty values” style. This style brought to corporate disasters such as Enron, and it is present in any world failure. This problem is everywhere. It is so widespread that US Army revised its leadership bible, Army Doctrine Publication 6-22, to detail what toxic leadership means for the first time.

Top commanders in the U.S. Army have announced publicly that they have a problem: They have too many “toxic leaders” — the kind of bosses who make their employees miserable. Many corporations share a similar problem, but in the Army’s case, destructive leadership can potentially have life or death consequences.[1]

The manual defines Toxic Leadership clearly and states its dangers:

   “Toxic leadership is a combination of self-centered attitudes, motivations, and behaviors that have adverse effects on subordinates, the organization, and mission performance. This leader lacks concern for others and the climate of the organization, which leads to short- and long-term negative effects. The toxic leader operates with an inflated sense of self-worth and from acute self-interest. Toxic leaders consistently use dysfunctional behaviors to deceive, intimidate, coerce, or unfairly punish others to get what they want for themselves. The negative leader completes short-term requirements by operating at the bottom of the continuum of commitment, where followers respond to the positional power of their leader to fulfill requests. This may achieve results in the short term, but ignores the other leader competency categories of leads and develops. Prolonged use of negative leadership to influence followers undermines the followers’ will, initiative, and potential and destroys unit morale.”

Let’s look at leadership and leadership styles in Companies. Today’s leaders are unreachable, perimetrated by filtering yes-man, they don’t know anything of what happens in the real life of workers and normal people, they float on an ocean of which they ignore the depth, they do not know the fishes that are swimming underneath, and they feel them as distant as another galaxy. They live in the top floors of prestigious buildings and don’t even know how the day of an employee is, and the real problems of the clients.

The world as an interconnected entity is a “freak” concept to them and what happens in other countries is not of interest unless it touches their personal profit. They are faithful only to themselves and their personal interest.

This is quite the contrary of what we would expect, right? We need to be loyal and responsible not only to ourselves, but to mankind advancements.

Loyalty and dependability are not an option. They are a must.

Semper fidelis

Always faithful

Let’s see the distance from the model of the Toxic Leader and the model that emerges from the words of a great Roman Leader, Emperor Maurizio, General of the Eastern Roman Empire in the 6th Century:

The lifestyle of a General must be linear and simple as that of his soldiers; he must show a paternal affection towards them, he must give orders calmly and always try to give suggestions and discuss important topics with them face to face. His concern should be their safety, their nutrition and the regular payment of the salary…[1]

Strategikon. By Emperor Mauritius Tiberius (581-602 AD.)

How many companies lost this face-to-face contact with their people and clients? But let’s not think that Emperor Maurizio was only a good and wise “father” of his troops. In his treaty on Strategy, he also affirms that a good General, at the first emerging signal of lack of discipline must act to solve it immediately, without postponing it up to the point of letting it grow bigger.

Every time you see a corporate disaster (airplane crashes, ships, nuclear disasters as Three Miles Islands, Fukushima, Chernobyl, chemical, pollution, the Columbia Shuttle disaster, Lufthansa-Germanwings air crash, etc) we see that those companies wrote “Safety First” on every page of their internal manuals and external ads, and had never practiced for real.

The top management of almost any company treats corporate values of social responsibility as mere propaganda, assigned to PR companies and campaigns, but has an enormous internal deficiency of real values.

The ability to communicate well and lead well is not just a gift from nature but is something that can be learned, achieved, produced by exercise, by coaching and feedback, and mostly, the will to improve.

You almost never hear a top manager or CEO to give any real advice and coaching to leaders and manager on the fact that safety depends on a positive lifestyle, a clear mind able to perceive situational awareness, and Mental Training. Simply following procedures is never enough.

Procedures applied in conditions of mental chaos, are completely useless, all the disasters that happened where in companies and organizations whose “procedures” where so many that it was needed a “procedure” even to use common sense.

Getting back to a healthy communication style and generating healthy relationships is a must for every leader and every team-player that refuses to live in a box or in a psychologically filthy environment.

[1] Maurice’s Strategikon. Handbook of Byzantine Military Strategy, Translated from Greek by George T. Dennis, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1984.

Strategikon. Manuale di arte militare dell’Impero Romano d’Oriente, a cura di G. Cascarino, Editore Il Cerchio, p. 92

[1] http://www.npr.org/2014/01/06/259422776/army-takes-on-its-own-toxic-leaders

https://evolution-institute.org/article/us-army-ambushed-by-toxic-leaders/

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© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – http://www.danieletrevisani.com – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

5 Steps towards Emotional Literacy

Emotional Literacy was noted as part of a project advocating humanistic education in the early 1970s.[1] The term was used by Claude Steiner (1997) [2] who says:

Emotional Literacy is made up of ‘the ability to understand your emotions, the ability to listen to others and empathise with their emotions, and the ability to express emotions productively. To be emotionally literate is to be able to handle emotions in a way that improves your personal power and improves the quality of life around you. Emotional literacy improves relationships, creates loving possibilities between people, makes co-operative work possible, and facilitates the feeling of community.[3]

He breaks emotional literacy into 5 parts:

  1. Knowing your feelings.
  2. Having a sense of empathy.
  3. Learning to manage our emotions.
  4. Repairing emotional problems.
  5. Putting it all together: emotional interactivity.

Having its roots in counseling, it is a social definition that has interactions between people at its heart. According to Steiner emotional literacy is about understanding your feelings and those of others to facilitate relationships, including using dialogue and self-control to avoid negative arguments. The ability to be aware and read other people’s feelings enables one to interact with them effectively so that powerful emotional situations can be handled in a skillful way. Steiner calls this “emotional interactivity”. Steiner’s model of emotional literacy is therefore primarily about dealing constructively with the emotional difficulties we experience to build a sound future. He believes that personal power can be increased and relationships transformed. The emphasis is on the individual, and as such encourages one to look inward rather than to the social setting in which an individual operates.